What Causes Sinusitis and Home Remedies to Solve?

I guess you came to this article tired of suffering from Sinusitis. To suffer it. Traquilo / a, you came to the right place. That happened to me … it happened to me for years. But not anymore. I no longer suffer from Sinusitis. In this article you will find absolutely everything about Sinutis. How to cure it? Which remedies to take to relieve sinusitis, how to prepare them. You will find the causes of your pain, the treatments and the cure. No, I am not a doctor, so we will not talk about conventional remedies, I will talk about the cure, the solution, of LIVING WITHOUT SINUSITIS. All my appearance in details, with solutions at your fingertips.

I Tell You My Story Quickly:

I always jogged, almost every day through the field near the community where I lived. I had been recommended to do constant physical exercises in order to try to drain as much mucus as possible. I was a person with health problems: I suffered from nasal congestion, and that disease greatly limited my daily activity. It was common to see myself separated from the groups of people due to the shame that the incessant mucus generated in me. I applied many home remedies, which varied too quickly. He was constant only in physical activity: he jogged almost every morning. On one occasion, someone told me about an otolaryngologist  who had settled in the neighboring city. I went for medical assistance and the specialist diagnosed me with sinusitis caused by bacteria. The doctor prescribed me the corresponding treatment and after fulfilling that treatment, I finally lived the relief of healing. Today I trot as always through the countryside and to the groups of people in which I now integrate, I speak with enthusiasm of the diversity of pleasant smells that I aspire with pleasure as I perform my routine and morning jogs across the countryside. This experience led me to share a little about what  Sinusitis is. Have you ever felt that you have a cold that does not go away? If you stay for more than 10 days, or get worse after it starts to improve, there is a good chance that you have sinusitis , a condition where infection or inflammation affects your sinuses.

What are Paranasal Sinuses?

The paranasal sinuses are hollow spaces in the bones around the nose that connect to the nose through small, narrow channels. The sinuses remain healthy when the channels are open, which allows air from the nose to enter the sinuses and the mucus produced in the sinuses to drain into the nose.

What is Sinusitis?

Facts about Sinus Infection (Sinusitis)

The infection of the sinuses, or sinusitis , is a common condition that refers to inflammation of the paranasal sinuses and nasal passages. The acute sinusitis usually lasts less than eight weeks or occurs more than three times a year, and each episode lasts no more than 10 days. The chronic sinusitis lasts longer than eight weeks or occurs more than four times a year, with symptoms usually lasting more than 20 days. Sinusitis can be caused by viruses, allergens, contaminants, bacteria and fungi.

Symptoms of sinusitis include:

  • Nose with mucus or nasal congestion,
  • Post nasal drip.
  • Pain or pressure around the eyes or cheekbones
  • Earache
  • Facial swelling
  • Dizziness
  • Headache
  • Fever
  • Sore throat
  • Bad breath
  • Toothache
  • Sensitive teeth

To diagnose sinusitis, the doctor will prepare the medical history and perform a physical exam. Exams may include CT scans and ultrasound scans.

Home remedies to help relieve the symptoms of sinusitis include:

  • Drink a lot of water
  • Inhaling steam
  • Taking a steam shower
  • Using mentholated preparations such as Vick Vapor Rub.
  • Nasal irrigation (such as the use of a Neti pot).

Over-the-counter expectorants, decongestants, cough suppressants, steroid nasal sprays and pain relievers can help relieve symptoms. The drugs used to treat sinusitis include intranasal or oral steroids. Antibiotics may be prescribed to help prevent complications, relieve symptoms and reduce the risk of chronic sinusitis. Sinus surgery is the last resort for those who do not respond to medications. The prevention of a sinus infection depends on its cause, but the prognosis for sinus infections is generally good when treated promptly. People with  chronic sinusitis  may have recurrent attacks if there are structural or allergic causes.

What is Sinus Infection (Sinusitis)?

Sinus infection, or sinusitis, is an inflammation of the sinuses and nasal passages. A sinus infection can cause headache or pressure in the eyes, nose, cheek area or on one side of the head.

“A person with a sinus infection may also have a cough, sore throat, fever, bad breath and nasal congestion with thick nasal secretions”.

Sinusitis is a common condition classified as acute (sudden onset) or chronic (long-term, the most common type).

What do the Sinuses Look Like (Images)?

The human skull contains four main pairs of hollow cavities filled with air called  paranasal sinuses. These are connected to the space between the nostrils and the nasal passage (behind the nose). The sinuses help to isolate the skull, reduce its weight and allow the voice to resonate within it. The four main pairs of paranasal sinuses are:

  • Frontal sinuses (on the forehead)
  • Maxillary sinuses (behind the cheekbones)
  • Ethmoid sinuses (between the eyes)
  • Sphenoid sinuses (behind the eyes)

The sinuses contain defenses against viruses and bacteria (germs). The paranasal sinuses are covered with a mucous layer and cells that contain small hairs on their surface (cilia). These help to trap and propel bacteria and contaminants out. Generally, acute sinusitis lasts less than eight weeks or does not occur more than three times a year and each episode lasts no more than 10 days. Medications are generally effective against acute sinusitis. Successful treatment counteracts the damage done to the mucous lining of the paranasal sinuses and the surrounding bone of the skull. Chronic or recurrent sinusitis lasts more than eight weeks or occurs more than four times a year, with symptoms that generally last more than 20 days. The signs and symptoms of sinus infections depend on the affected sinuses and whether the infection is acute or chronic.

Symptoms of Acute Sinusitis:

  • Nasal congestion with discharge
  • Post-nasal drip (mucus that goes down the throat behind the nose) often accompanied by a sore throat
  • Pain through the cheekbone, under or around the eye, or around the upper teeth
  • Earache or earache
  • Headache in the temple or around or behind the eye
  • Symptoms of pain or pressure get worse when you cough or strain
  • Fever is common
  • Pain or pressure on one or both sides of the face
  • Facial swelling
  • Dizziness

Symptoms of Chronic Sinusitis:

Chronic sinusitis can have many of the same symptoms as acute sinusitis, but the symptoms last longer or are more severe. In addition, people with chronic sinusitis may also experience:

  • Pain that worsens at the end of the morning or when wearing glasses
  • The pain and pressure in fact get worse as you lean forward
  • Chronic sore throat and bad breath
  • Chronic toothache or increased tooth sensitivity
  • Increased facial discomfort during the day with increased cough at night

Causes of Acute Sinus Infection:

Acute sinusitis usually follows a viral infection in the upper respiratory tract, but allergenic substances (allergens) or contaminants can also trigger acute sinusitis. A viral infection damages the lining of the sinuses, leading to inflammation. The lining thickens, obstructing the nasal passage. This passage connects with the  sinuses. The obstruction disrupts the process that eliminates the bacteria normally present in the nasal passages, and the bacteria begin to multiply and invade the lining of the breast. This causes the symptoms of sinus infection. Allergens and contaminants produce a similar effect. The bacteria that normally cause acute sinusitis are Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae and Moraxella catarrhalis. These microorganisms, along with Staphylococcus aureus and some anaerobes (bacteria that live without oxygen), are involved in chronic sinusitis.

Causes of Chronic Sinus Infection:

In addition to viruses, bacteria, allergens and contaminants, fungi are also a growing cause of chronic sinusitis, especially in people with diseases that weaken the immune system, such as AIDS, leukemia and other cancers, and diabetes. Medications that are designed to modify the immune system may also increase the risk of developing a sinus infection.

· What Physicians Specialties Treat Sinus Infections (Sinusitis)?

Frequently, sinusitis is first diagnosed by a general practitioner, a primary care physician or an internal medicine physician. Children can be diagnosed by their pediatrician. If the sinusitis is chronic or severe, you can be referred to an otolaryngologist, also called an otolaryngologist. If your sinusitis is caused by allergies you can be referred to an allergist. If you experience an emergency situation due to your sinusitis, you can see an emergency medicine specialist in the emergency room of a hospital.

· When should you Seek Medical Attention for a Sinus Infection (Sinusitis)?

Call a doctor when you experience pain or pressure in the upper part of the face accompanied by nasal congestion or discharge, postnasal drip, fever or continuous bad breath unrelated to dental problems. Fever can be a symptom of a sinus infection or a cold. Simple nasal congestion with low fever and runny nose probably indicates a cold and may not require medications or antibiotics. Those who experience facial pain, headaches and fever may have a sinus infection. If left undiagnosed and untreated, complications of sinusitis can occur   that can lead to serious medical problems and possibly death. If you have the following symptoms, you may have a medical emergency and should seek an immediate evaluation in the emergency department of a hospital. Headache, fever and inflammation of soft tissues over the frontal sinus (in the forehead area) may indicate an infection of the frontal bone, called a swollen Pott tumor or osteomyelitis. Usually, this complication is limited to children.

Ethmoid sinusitis can cause infection of the eye socket. The eyelid may swell and fall out. Vision changes are rare, but are signs of serious complications. Usually, fever and serious illness occur. A person with this infection may lose the ability to move the eye and may result in permanent blindness.

Symptoms of sinusitis associated with pain when moving the eye, redness of the eyes or face, or swelling around the eye are an emergency and should be evaluated immediately.

Ethmoid or frontal sinusitis can cause the formation of a blood clot in the area of ​​the paranasal sinuses around the front and upper part of the face.

The symptoms may be similar to those of an eye socket infection with the addition of a dilated pupil (the pupil is larger than normal). This condition usually affects both sides of the face. If a person experiences personality changes, headache, stiff neck, high fever, impaired state of consciousness, visual problems, seizures or rash on the body, the infection may have spread to the brain or the tissues that cover it (meningitis). This is a serious illness and a medical emergency. Comma and death can continue.

How is a Sinus Infection (Sinusitis) Diagnosed?

The diagnosis of a sinus infection is made on the basis of an evaluation of the medical history and a physical examination. It is important to properly distinguish  sinusitis  from a simple upper respiratory infection or a common cold. Sinusitis caused by bacteria usually requires antibiotics for treatment. Sinusitis  can also be caused by viruses (which means that antibiotics do not help). Infections of the upper respiratory tract and colds are viral diseases. Treatment of a viral infection with antibiotics is not beneficial and may cause antibiotic resistance. CT scan: In most cases, the diagnosis of acute sinusitis does not require examinations. When the test is indicated, a CT scan will clearly show all the sinuses, nasal passages and surrounding structures. A CT scan may indicate a  sinus infection if any of these conditions occur:

  • Liquid levels in the air in one or more sinuses
  • Total obstruction in one or more sinuses
  • Thickening of the inner lining (mucosa) of the paranasal sinuses

Thickening of the mucosa can occur in people without symptoms of sinusitis. The findings of the CT scan should be correlated with the symptoms of a person and with the findings of the physical examination to diagnose a sinus infection. Ultrasound: Another   non-invasive diagnostic tool is ultrasound. The procedure is fast, reliable and less expensive than a CT scan, although the results are not as detailed. If symptoms persist despite adequate therapy, a referral to an ENT specialist may be necessary. The otolaryngologist can directly visualize the nasal passages and the connection to the paranasal sinuses with a nasopharyngoscope or sinus nasal endoscope. This is a flexible or rigid fiber optic tube that is inserted through the nose and allows the doctor to see the passages and see if the sinuses are open and draining properly. Anatomical causes of respiratory difficulties can also be found, such as a deviated nasal septum, nasal and adenoid polyps and enlarged tonsils. An ENT doctor can also drain the affected breast to examine the presence of organisms. This is a more invasive test. During this procedure, a doctor inserts a needle into the breast through the skin (or gum) and bone in an attempt to remove fluid, which can then be sent to the laboratory for a culture. Any bacteria present can be identified, often in less than two days. Antibiotics can be given for treatment. If necessary, the discomfort is relieved with local anesthesia. The drainage procedure is rarely used, because computed tomography may be sufficient for the diagnosis of sinusitis, and standard antibiotics are usually effective even when the exact bacterial cause is unknown.

What Homes Remedies Help Relieve the Symptoms of Sinus Infection (Sinusitis)?

Home care can help relieve sinus infection or sinus symptoms, open sinuses and relieve dryness.

· Home Remedies to Promote Drainage:

Drink plenty of water and moisturizing drinks like hot tea. Inhale steam two to four times a day by leaning over a bowl of hot water (not while the water is on the stove) or using a steam vaporizer. Inhale the steam for about 10 minutes. Taking a hot and steamy shower can also work. Menthol preparations, such as Vicks Vapo-Rub, can be added to the water or vaporizer to help open the aisles.

· OTC Medications to Thin the Mucus:

Expectants are medications that help expel mucus from the lungs and airways. They help to dilute the mucous secretions, improving the drainage of the  paranasal sinuses.  The most common is guaifenesin (contained in Robitussin and Mucinex). Over-the-counter sinus medications can also combine decongestants and cough suppressants to reduce symptoms and eliminate the need to use many prescription medications. Read the ingredients on the label to find the right combination of ingredients or ask the pharmacist.

· Over-the-Counter Medications to Relieve Pain:

Pain relievers such as ibuprofen (Motrin and Advil) and naproxen (Aleve) can reduce pain and inflammation. These medications help open the airways by reducing inflammation. Acetaminophen (Tylenol) can be used for pain and fever, but it does not help with inflammation.

· Nasal Irrigation with Saline Solution:

There are several methods of nasal irrigation, and a folk remedy is the Neti-pot, a ceramic pot that looks like a cross between a small kettle and the magic lamp of Aladdin. Some otolaryngologists recommend nasal irrigation with a Neti-pot to help eliminate the formation of scabs in the nasal passages. Many people with chronic symptoms of sinusitis use Neti-pot to relieve congestion, facial pain and pressure, and reduce the need for antibiotics and nasal sprays. Before using nasal irrigation with saline, talk to your doctor.